HIV/AIDS In South Africa

Article: HIV and AIDS In South Africa: https://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-around-world/sub-saharan-africa/south-africa

AVERT, May 01, 2015

Issue Overview:

South Africa has the highest rate of HIV/AIDS in the world. The majority of their population suffers from HIV/AIDS for various reasons. The most affected is females between the ages of 30-34. In this article it says,”A survey in 2012 found that HIV prevalence among women was nearly twice as high as men” (Avert, 2015). They do not have very good medical care in South Africa therefore HIV testing is harder to get access too. As a result many people are unaware if they are suffering from HIV. One of the targets for goal 3 of the sustainable development goals is to end the epidemic of AIDS and other tropical diseases so by 2030 hopefully the rate of people with HIV/AIDS will have gone down. We also learned a little about AIDS in Africa form our guest speaker.

Key Stakeholder:

One key stakeholder is homosexual men in South Africa. Many men in Africa do not feel comfortable publicly saying they are gay in fear of hate crimes. Another key stakeholder is sex workers/ prostitutes in South Africa.  Sex workers are also very much discriminated against so they don’t have easy access to health care. They are also more likely to get raped as well many of them are drug users which is another way of getting HIV.

Contributing Factors:

One social factor causing this issue is the poor access to proper health care facilities. Many are to poor to be able to get the help they need or to even get tested. This also means they don’t have access to things like condoms. Another factor is poor education. So many of the women and men are so poorly educated especially when it comes to sex and STD’s. If more people became educated on this topic, the rate may go down.

Implications:

One social impact of this issue is that HIV will continue to spread from person to person if nothing is done about it. It will especially continue to spread through the gay community if they continue to not feel safe going to seek health care. One economic impact is the government will end up having to pay a mass amounts of money to try and fix the aids epidemic if something is not done. In the end it will be costing the government more then it would if they were to solve the problem now.

Bias:

The bias in this article is that it is clearly trying to help end the AIDS epidemic. They are showing the facts of just how terrible this issue is and how it desperately needs to be changed. The article wa written by Avert, which is a website dedicated to help making people aware of this issue and ending this epidemic.

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